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Womens Trigger Womens Sangria Crossbody Sangria Crossbody Botkier Crossbody Sangria Botkier Botkier Womens Trigger Trigger A STUDY OF GENDER-CONDITIONED USE OF INFLECTIONAL AND PERIPHRASTIC FORMS IN ENGLISH ADJECTIVE COMPARISON

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Jelena Grofulović, Vladimir Ž. Jovanović

Crossbody Botkier Trigger Sangria Womens Womens Trigger Crossbody Womens Trigger Botkier Crossbody Botkier Sangria Sangria DOI Number
Crossbody Womens Botkier Crossbody Womens Sangria Sangria Trigger Trigger Womens Botkier Botkier Crossbody Sangria Trigger
Botkier Trigger Womens Botkier Crossbody Trigger Botkier Sangria Sangria Trigger Womens Sangria Crossbody Womens Crossbody 10.22190/FULL1602189G
First page
189
Last page
Botkier Sangria Womens Trigger Trigger Botkier Womens Sangria Crossbody Trigger Crossbody Womens Sangria Crossbody Botkier
208

Abstract


First introduced to the study of language by Robin Lakoff in her 1975 book Language and Woman's Place, gender has gained a status of a significant variable when it comes to language realization (Frank, 1978). As such, gender is an object of many sociolinguistic studies (Jespersen, 1922; Kramer, 1974; Edelsky, 1976; Thorne et al, 1983; Crawford, 1995) and is assumed not only to play a role in the pragmatics of language usage, but also to influence the frequency and nature of different lexical and structural realizations, resulting in what Kramer termed “a genderlect” (Kramer, 1974). The aim of this paper is to present the results of a case-study of periphrastic and inflectional instances of the grammatical category of comparison in English, attempting at answering the question whether gender causes a preference for periphrasis in language usage, which, in the broadest sense, presents a multi-unit alternative to a single-unit meaning, be the meaning lexical or grammatical, and the unit a word or a bound morpheme. We analyzed a sex-wise and quantity-wise symmetrical corpus, comprised of different registers and genres – fiction, scientific non-fiction, and on-line magazine articles, encompassing a million words approximately per sex, and looked for the frequency of periphrastic instances of the two categories. Our assumption is that gender on its own, with all other social and textual variables excluded (discourse, register, author’s age and social groups, personal language background) is not a sufficient factor to unambiguously and conspicuously determine an author’s/speaker’s preference for the periphrastic form of the studied grammatical values.


Keywords

grammatical meaning, inflectional forms, periphrasis, gendered language, adjective comparison

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Crossbody Botkier Sangria Trigger Trigger Trigger Botkier Womens Sangria Botkier Crossbody Sangria Womens Crossbody Womens References


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